Daniel Walker Howe argues: Changes followed the psychological shock of the panic ofand the election of Andrew Jackson, with his charismatic personality and controversial policies. Later, their Southern colleagues dominated the white response to Reconstruction. The suffrage laws were not at fault for they allowed mass participation; rather few men were interested in politics beforeand fewer still voted or became engaged because politics did not seem important.
Young America claimed that modernization would perpetuate the agrarian vision of Jeffersonian democracy by allowing yeomen farmers to sell their products and therefore to prosper. Compromise of [ edit ] Taylor was firmly opposed to the proposed Compromise of an initiative of Clay and was committed to the admission of California as a free state.
The opposition Democrats were close to controlling two thirds of the vote at the national conventionwhich they needed to nominate their own candidate. Jacksonians feared the concentration of economic and political power. The Whig Party began to take shape in Pierce won 27 of the 31 states, including Scott's home state of New Jersey.
Clay had run as a National Republican against Jackson inbut carried only 49 electoral votes against Jackson'sand the National Republicans became discredited as a major political force. Douglas and Lewis Casswere all accomplices to Slave Power.
Presidency of William Howard Taft — [ edit ]. In sharp contrast, liturgical groups, especially the CatholicsEpiscopalians and German Lutherans, looked to the Democratic Party for protection from pietistic moralismespecially prohibition.
That would move the election to the House of Representativesallowing the ascendant Whigs to select their most popular man as president.
At the conventionthe silverite-agrarian faction repudiated the President and nominated the crusading orator William Jennings Bryan on a platform of free coinage of silver. He exercised the veto more than all previous presidents combined. Jackson and his supporters also opposed reform as a movement.
They represented business interests, supported banking and railroad goals, promoted laissez-faire capitalism, opposed imperialism and U. Most remaining Northern Whigs, like Lincoln, joined the new Republican Party and strongly attacked the Act, appealing to widespread Northern outrage over the repeal of the Missouri Compromise.
The Democratic-Republicans who formed the Whig Party, led by Kentucky Senator Henry Claydrew on a Jeffersonian tradition of compromise, balance in government and territorial expansion combined with national unity and support for a Federal transportation network and domestic manufacturing.
The Whigs, both Northern and Southern, strongly opposed expansion into Texas, which they including Whig Congressman Abraham Lincoln saw as an unprincipled land grab. Inthe Kansas—Nebraska Actwhich opened the new territories to slavery, was passed.
Presidents from the Whig Party[ edit ]. To modernize the inner United States, the Whigs helped create public schools, private colleges, charities and cultural institutions.
Whigs welcomed most of the changes wrought by industrialization but advocated strong government policies that would guide growth and development within the country's existing boundaries. The trend over time was for the Democratic vote to grow faster and for the Whigs to lose more and more marginal states and districts.
They believed, for instance, that public schools restricted individual liberty by interfering with parental responsibility and undermined freedom of religion by replacing church schools.
The relatively few rich men in the country did prefer Whigs to Democrats, but by a modest margin.
The Republicans in now had a majority in most, but not all of the Northern states and it had practically no support South of the Mason—Dixon line.
Tyler had recently left the Democrats for the Whigs and thus his beliefs did not align much with the Whig Party. Mangum ran in South Carolina. The Third Party System was ready to emerge.Contrast: Whigs and Democrats In the early to mid 's there were two major political parties.
The Whigs led by John Quincy Adams and the Democrats led by Andrew Jackson. The Whigs got there name from the name for the Patriots of the American Revolution who were called "Whigs".
The Democrats got there name from the. The Whigs were committed to economic dynamism, social moralism, and national union. Jackson's Democrats thought of freedom as the privilege to be wealthy, and that liberty was a negative, not positive, idea.
Contrast: Whigs and Democrats In the early to mid ’s there were two major political parties. The Whigs led by John Quincy Adams and the Democrats led by Andrew Jackson/5(1).
The Democrats and Jackson defeated the National Republicans in and and maintained their hold on the presidency when they bested the Whigs—a union of former National Republicans, Antimasons, and some states' rights advocates—in Jackson and the Democrats VS. the Whigs General Information - Democrats Democratic Party was previously termed the Democratic-Republican Party, which was founded by Thomas Jefferson.
Mainly founded by general and future president Andrew Jackson. Ideals - Democrats. The Whig Party advocated for increased government involvement, especially from the federal government, while the Democrat Party supported less government input.
The Whigs originally formed to protest President Andrew Jackson's opposition to the Second Bank .Download